viernes, 21 de noviembre de 2008

Modals verbs


Must and Have to
  • Students must come to school at 9 o'clock.
  • This must be the new pupil, I don't know him.
  • You must do something to improve your english.
  • They have to come to the school on time. They are always late.
  • I have to go to the doctor, I hurt my knee.


Don't have to/ Don't need to/ needn't

  • You don't have to come, there are enought of us.
  • We needn't go to help them, they have hired a removal company.
  • She doesn't need to bring money. Everything is paid by the school.


Need to

  • We need to agree on this point before starting.
  • Everybody needs to be happy once a day.
  • They need to know the train timetable to plan the trip.



  • Remember for our trip:
  • We mustn't carry scissors in our hand luggage.
  • We mustn't go in to the cathedral with shorts.
  • We mustn't take pictures in this museum.
  • We mustn't go out alone, we can get lost.
  • We mustnt't drink tap water.


Should/Ought to/ Had better

  • You should know by now which book to bring to the class.
  • We should read the newspaper sometimes. There are good offers.
  • She ought to buy a ticket soon if she wants to go to the concert.
  • If you can't see well the blackboard, you had better visit the oculist.
  • The bus is here. I had better to get on now.


Can/ Could/ Be able to

  • We can do a very nice project today.
  • Pablo can do a big drawing and the others can paint it,
  • We couldn't finish the mural last week,
  • If everybody works, we will be able to finish it this week.


Can/ Could/ May

  • Can I sit in this chair?
  • Sorry, I'm late. May I come in?
  • May I go to school with you tomorrow?
  • You may always come with us.
  • Could I borrow your book, please?


May/ Might/ Could

  • Are you coming on the excursion? I don't know, I may go
  • Do you know what the weather will be like on saturday? No, it might rain
  • or it might be sunny. I don't trust the weather forecast. When they say it's going to be cloudy
  • it could be anything.
  • Anyway we could take our raincoats.

May/ might not or Mightn't/ Could not or Couldn't

  • We are driving to the airport, but we may not arrive on time.
  • We couldn't arrive on time, there was a crash accident in the road.
  • I am in the third year of the degree course and I might not finish it in june.

Must/ Can't

  • Your jacket must be in the playground I saw you with it on.
  • It can't be far from here, you were wearing it this morning.
  • We must study hard for the exam,
  • It can't be so difficult, we passed the other one.


Can/ Could/ Would/Shall

  • Can you lend me your English book?
  • Could you mind if I writer the answer in your book?
  • Would you like to play in our team?
  • Shall I show you the way?

Present tenses for the future

  • I am meeting Paula at 6 o'clock in here, Are you coming too?
  • No, I'm going to the doctor at the same time. What about tomorrow?
  • I'm having lunch with some friends at Pepe's.
  • That's OK, tomorrow I'm finishing at twelve.

viernes, 14 de noviembre de 2008

Have got ang Have

  • I don't have a million - Euros/ I haven't got a million - Euros.
  • Do you have a red pen?/ Have you got a black pen?
  • She has a new dress/ She has got a new dress.
  • We still have plenty of time / We've still got plenty of time.

Singular and Plural nouns

  • Sandra brings a flower everyday.
  • We've now got more than twenty flowers.
  • Toni hasn't got a pen to do the exercise,
  • You've got two pens, lend him one, please.
  • The leaves from the tree are on the ground,
  • Can you bring me one leaf here?

Uncountable nouns

we usually treat nouns as singular
not a/an but a sometnig of

  • This news is very important to me.
  • A piece of good news is wellcome.
  • There is a bottle of water on the table.
  • I've got some money now.
  • You haven't got much money.

sábado, 8 de noviembre de 2008

Countable nouns

we can use: singular or plural; a/an;
the, my, this; some, any, a few.

  • Your dog is playing with my cat.
  • Our pets are playing with the cushions.
  • I want an orange for breakfast.
  • I have got some apples, but I don't have any oranges.

Adjective ending in -ing and -ed

  • If you like animals read this book, it is very interesting;
  • but the one I read last week was very boring; Laura
  • told me about one, I got depressed when I read it, it explain how
  • they kill animals. I am interested in books that talk about
  • exciting trips around the world!


Use an adverb to describe a verb
Adverbs of frequency Usually go before the verb
others adverbs normally go at the end of sentence

  • Peter ate the cake quickly before we arrived.
  • Marta treat her gat carefully, like a child.
  • We will learn this lesson easily if we study a bit.
  • We konw well all about they.???
  • We konws all about them ??
  • He spoke extremely fast.

lunes, 3 de noviembre de 2008

For and Since

  • I haven't seen her since monday.
  • He loves English since you have been teacthing him.
  • I have known you for ten years now.
  • You have been wearing this sweater for six days!
  • Since I met her, she has been learning to play piano.

domingo, 2 de noviembre de 2008

Used to

  • I used to go to the swimming pool last winter.
  • We used to play in the street when we were children.
  • Everybody used to go walk to the school when I studied.
  • In the past it used to snow in this region.

Future Will be doing

  • I will be waiting for you until the bus leaves.
  • He will be waiting for us to close the door.
  • Will you be watching TV when I arrive tonight?
  • We won't be watching TV that late.