jueves, 30 de octubre de 2008

Future Perfect

Will have + Past participle
am, is, are + Going to have + past participle
  • We will have read three books at the end of the month.
  • By the time we finish this course, we are going to have read ten books.
  • How many sweets is she going to have eaten at the end of the day?
  • By this afternoon, he will have eaten all the sweets we have.

Future Be Going To

to express a plan, intention, something obviously is going to happen

  • We are going to learn a lot of English
  • She is going to bring the homework tomorrow
  • Who is going to make Maria's birthday cake?
  • You are going to miss the bus, it's five to one.

Future Shall

offering, suggestion, Question

  • Shall I help you with that?
  • Shall we meet tomorrow
  • I will make some sandwiches
  • Shall I prepare some drikns?

viernes, 24 de octubre de 2008

Future Will

Prediction in general

  • One day you will be a great teacher.
  • In the future we will travel to the Moon.

Express a voluntary action

  • I will help you with your homework.
  • Will you help me to carry the games?

To express a promise

  • We will be always friends
  • I won´t tell anyone your secret

No future in time clauses: when, while, after, before, etc.

  • When you arrive we will start to play
  • I will eat as soon as the movie finishes

Believe, sure, think

  • I am sure you will win the match.
  • She thinks he will give her a present

Past Perfect Continuous

(had been + ing
something started in the past and continued for a time in the past)

  • We had been waiting for your family to answer till yesterday.
  • Had you been waiting for the answer more than a week?
  • How long had you been wainting for me?
  • She had not been waiting there longer than an hour.

Present Perfect Continuous

(has/have been + ing
an activity which began in the past and continues to the present)

  • You have been talking for an hour, please be quiet now.
  • They have been playing the whole day!
  • Has she been playing with them too?
  • What have you been doing today?

Past Perfect

(had + past participle
action happenend before another action in the past)

  • You had studied English before this course.
  • I had not studied English before you teach me.
  • Had she studied Japanese before now?
  • Had they ever studied before arrived here?

Present Perfect

(have/has + participle
action happen at indefinite time in the past)

  • You have seen that movie twenty times.
  • I have never seen that movie.
  • She has bought a lot of dresses.
  • Has he ever bought a dress?

Past Continuous

(was/were + ing
a longer action in the past was interrupted)

  • I was watching TV when she called.
  • I was listening to her when my brother took me the phone from me.
  • What were you thinking when you heard my story?
  • I was planning to visit you.
  • Yesterday at this time, she was running.

Present Continuous

(am/is/are + presents participle.
for something is happening now)

  • You are reading a text
  • She is reading a nice story
  • Are you listening to her?
  • He is not listenig to us

Past Simple

(to talk about finished actions in the past)

  • I studied English last year
  • He studied English too
  • You didn't study mathematics yesterday
  • Did they study the verbs?
  • Yes, they did/ No, they didn't

Present Simple

  • I sing a song with you
  • We don't sing with them
  • She sings with Peter
  • Will you sing a song with me?
  • Yes i do / No, i don't

martes, 21 de octubre de 2008


This is an example